Food Guides started in 1916 by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) in an effort to give guidance and recommendations to the U.S. population. Our first food guide consisted of 5 food groups: milk and meat, cereals, vegetables and fruits, fats and fat foods and sugars and sugary foods.
1. Green and yellow vegetables
2. Oranges, tomatoes and grapefruit
3. Potatoes, other vegetables and fruit
4. Milk and milk products
5. Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dried peas and beans
6. Bread, flour and cereals
7. Butter and fortified margarine
This was the foundation for the nutrients needed for an adequate diet. In 1946, the daily number of servings from each group was determined. However, serving sizes were not specific.
1. Milk and milk products
2. Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dry beans and nuts
3. Fruits and Vegetables
Following the release of the Dietary Guidelines, the food wheel was created in 1984 highlighting goals for adequacy of nutrients and moderation of certain foods. The 5 food groups were included and daily amounts of each were provided at 3 different calorie levels.
How do you feel about our current MyPlate visual and the recommendations we make as a nation?