Stabilization Training is the starting point in the OPT Model by NASM. This model was created to layout the foundation to allow clients to achieve optimal levels of physical and physiologic performance. Stabilization Training, being the basis for this model, is the phase of training focusing on increasing muscular endurance and stability all while developing optimal coordination. Essentially, this training ensures that you are using the proper muscles and performing the proper movements to ensure that you don't get hurt in later stages of training. Overall, the goal of this phase is to improve muscular endurance, joint stability, flexibility, posture and muscular coordination. This proper foundation allows for greater gains when higher volume and/or speed is added.
I think it is vital for this type of training to be included in all training plans and throughout all training plans. Below are a few exercises from NASM that focus on Stabilization Training (complete these with 2 sets and 15 reps each):
1. Single-Leg Balance Reach
- Clark MA, Sutton BG, and Lucett SC (Editors). (2014). NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training (4th edition revised). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishing.